Article 6321

Title of the article

Bilateral and typical variability of morphometric parameters of the canine fossa in mature aged women 

Authors

Nataliya A. Galaktionova, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: n.galaktionova@mail.ru
Ol'ga Yu. Aleshkina, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: aleshkina_ou@mail.ru
Ol'ga V. Konnova, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: anatomy_baza2@mail.ru
Lyudmila V. Muzurova, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: lmuzurova@yandex.ru
Elena A. Anisimova, Doctor of medical sciences, professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: eaan@mail.ru
Ol'ga V. Syrova, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor of the sub-department of human anatomy, Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: olgasirova@list.ru 

Index UDK

611.716.1 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2021-3-6 

Abstract

Background. Innovative methods of diagnosis and treatment, the development of modern surgical technologies in maxillofacial surgery, dentistry, and otorhinolaryngology require detailed knowledge of the anatomical structures of the facial skull. Such structures include the upper jaw, namely its canine fossa, which is the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of the study is to determine the bilateral and typical variability of the morphometric parameters of the canine fossa in mature aged women. Materials and methods. The study was performed on 81 skulls of adult female adults of mature age from the craniological collection of the Department of Human Anatomy of the Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky. The linear parameters of the canine fossa and facial skull were determined by craniometry. To determine the bilateral and typical variability of the parameters of the canine fossa, the maxillary index was determined. Results. According to the size of the maxillary index, 3 forms of the facial skull are distinguished. The results of the study showed that in all forms of the facial skull, the transverse size of the canine fossa has no bilateral differences, but prevails on average by 13.0 mm over the longitudinal size and by 32.0 mm over its depth. Conclusions. It was found that the linear parameters of the canine fossa in mature aged women have typical and bilateral variability. Skulls with mechanical and brachyranic forms of the facial skull have a left-sided predominance of the longitudinal size of the canine fossa, while the transverse size and depth do not depend on the shape of the skull and their location. 

Key words

canine fossa, facial skull, bilateral and type variability 

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References

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Дата создания: 23.11.2021 14:14
Дата обновления: 25.11.2021 13:33